BEAD Program

Broadband Equity Access and Deployment (BEAD Program)

For the NTIA BEAD Program, each State is in different phases of setting up its programs; use the tracker and resources below to follow along with what phase each State is in, key timelines, and other critical information for each State’s BEAD Program.

The Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment Program (BEAD Program) is a $42.5 billion broadband grants program from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) that provides financial support for Broadband Planning, Deployment, Mapping, Equity, and Adoption Activities to close the U.S. Digital Divide.

BEAD Program State Progress Tracker

BEAD Program with Initial Proposal Volume 2 Approved

16 states have BEAD Initial Proposal Volume 2 approved. * = Most recent approval.

StateVol 1 ApprovedVol 2 ApprovedChallenge Process Submission StartedChallenge Process Submission RunningChallenge Process Initial Submissions ClosedChallenge Process Final Determination Phase Completed1-Year Subgrantee Selection Phase
District of ColombiaYesYesNoYes
* IndianaYesYesYesNoYesYesYes
* MarylandYesYesYesYesNoNoYes
New HampshireYesYesYesYesNoNoYes
West VirginiaYesYesYesNoYesNoYes
Updated 7/17/24

BEAD Program with Initial Proposal Volume 2 Not Approved

StateVol 1 ApprovedVol 2 ApprovedChallenge Process Submission StartedChallenge Process Submission RunningChallenge Process Submissions
Challenge Process Final Determination Phase Completed1-Year Subgrantee Selection Phase
MississippiYesNoNo – click for info
MissouriYesNoYesNoYes – click for infoYes
MontanaYesNoYesNoYes – click for infoYes
NebraskaYesNoYesNoYes – click for info
New JerseyYesNoNo – click for info
New MexicoYesNoYesNoYes – click for infoNo
New YorkYesNoYesNoYes – click for infoNo
North CarolinaYesNoNo
North DakotaYesNoYesNoYes – click here for infoNo
OhioYesNoYesYes – click for infoNo
OklahomaYes NoNo
Rhode IslandYesNoYesYes – click for infoNo
South CarolinaYesNoYesNoYesNo
South DakotaYesNoYesNoYes
Updated 7/17/24

Key BEAD Program Information

NTIA BEAD Program Timeline

All 56 States and Territories have completed the Initial Proposal Volume 1 Phase. Now, each State and Territory is in a different place in the Initial Proposal Volume 2, Challenge Process, and Subgrantee Selection Phases.

Most States and Territories are in the Challenge Process Phase. Some are in the Initial Proposal Volume 2 Completion Phase, therefore starting the clock on the Subgrantee Selection Phase, which they have 365 days to complete (starting on the date their IP Volume 2 was approved).

BEAD Program Timeline

BEAD Challenge Process

As part of NTIA’s BEAD program, the BEAD Challenge Process is where each Eligible Entity (states, territories, and D.C.) will conduct a challenge process to confirm locations eligible for BEAD funding. Each Eligible Entity must outline how they will conduct their challenge process in their Initial Proposal to NTIA. After submission of the Initial Proposal, and approval of the proposed challenge process, is when each Eligible Entity’s BEAD Challenge Process will take place.

The overall purpose of the BEAD Challenge Process is to allow local government, nonprofits, and service providers to supply their input on whether a location lacks high-speed internet access and is eligible for BEAD funding.

BEAD Challenge Process Sequence of Events

To get more granular on the steps that will be taken for the BEAD Challenge Process, listed below is the guidance NTIA gave in their “Introduction to the Challenge Process Webinar” on the eleven steps that Eligible Entities and NTIA will perform related to the Challenge Process.

1. Eligible Entity Develops Initial Proposal Volume I

During this step, “Eligible Entities will consult with their Federal Program Officers (FPOs) to identify unserved and underserved locations using the National Broadband Map, identify eligible CAIs, and develop a transparent, evidence-based, fair, and expeditious challenge process that includes their proposed pre-challenge process location modifications (e.g., the proposed deduplication process). Prior to submitting to NTIA, the Initial Proposal must be made available for public comment for no less than 30 days. Eligible Entities must conduct outreach and engagement activities to encourage feedback and include a description of comments received and how they were incorporated.”

2. Eligible Entity Submits Initial Proposal Volume I (submitting Vol I before Vol II is optional)

3. Eligible Entity Submits Full Initial Proposal (Volume I and Volume II)

4. NTIA Reviews and Approves or Disapproves Initial Proposal Volume I

5. Eligible Entities Run Approved Modifications and Deduplication of Funding Process

6. Eligible Entities Run the Approved Challenge Process

7. Eligible Entity Runs Another Deduplication of Funding Process

8. Eligible Entities Submit Challenge Results to NTIA

10. NTIA Communicates Determination to Eligible Entities

11. Eligible Entities Publish Final Determinations

*Watch NTIA’s “Introduction to the Challenge Process Webinar or review their webinar deck (slides 14-15) for more details on the sequence of events for the BEAD Challenge Process.

BEAD Challenge Process Design Requirements

Each Eligible Entity’s Challenge Process must include the following 4 phases:

NTIA BEAD Program Challenge Process

BEAD Design Requirements. From the NTIA Webinar Deck.

Click here for more information on the BEAD Challenge Process.

BEAD Subgrantee Selection Process

Once States and Territories conduct a Challenge Process and have their Initial Proposal Volume 2 approved, they can move on to the Subgrantee Selection phase of the BEAD Program.

Eligible Entities can create a competitive Subgrantee Selection process and will have up to one year to conduct additional local coordination, complete the selection process, and submit a Final Proposal to NTIA. “The Eligible Entity may utilize the funding provided (not less than 20 percent of the Eligible Entity’s total grant funds) to initiate certain eligible activities before submission and approval of their Final Proposals.”

“Each Eligible Entity must establish fair, open, and competitive processes for selecting subgrantees. The selection of subgrantees is a critically important process that will determine which providers will bring service to all Americans, and in many cases, which entities will stand up and operate training programs and take other actions aimed at closing the digital divide. Eligible Entities’ selection processes must be made clear to potential subgrantees and must be described in the Eligible Entity’s Initial Proposal and Final Proposal.”

BEAD Reporting Requirements

According to NTIA’s BEAD NOFO, “Both Eligible Entities and subgrantees will be required to comply with reporting requirements. In addition to the reporting requirements found in 2 C.F.R. Part 200, NTIA will provide additional reporting instructions in connection with the requirements set forth in this Section, including details on the manner and format that Eligible Entities will be required to report information in support of federal agency obligations under the ACCESS BROADBAND Act, 47 USC § 1307, and Infrastructure Act § 60105.101.”

BEAD Reporting Requirements for Subgrantees

The recipient of a subgrant from an Eligible Entity under this Section shall submit to the Eligible
Entity a regular reporting, at least semiannually, for the duration of the subgrant to track the
effectiveness of the use of funds provided. Each report shall describe each type of project and/or
other eligible activities carried out using the subgrant and the duration of the subgrant. Eligible
Entities may add additional reporting requirements or increase the frequency of reporting with
the approval of the Assistant Secretary and must make all subgrantee reports available to NTIA
upon request.

In the case of a broadband infrastructure project, the report must, at minimum:

  1. Include a list of addresses or location identifications (including the Broadband
    Serviceable Location Fabric established under 47 U.S.C. 642(b)(1)(B)) that constitute the
    service locations that will be served by the broadband infrastructure to be constructed and
    the status of each project;
  2. Identify new locations served within each project area at the relevant reporting intervals,
    and service taken (if applicable);
  3. Identify whether each address or location is residential, commercial, or a community
    anchor institution;
  4. Describe the types of facilities that have been constructed and installed;
  5. Describe the peak and off-peak actual speeds of the broadband service being offered;
  6. Describe the maximum advertised speed of the broadband service being offered;
  7. Describe the non-promotional prices, including any associated fees, charged for different
    tiers of broadband service being offered;
  8. List all interconnection agreements that were requested, and their current status;
  9. Report the number and amount of contracts and subcontracts awarded by the subgrantee
    disaggregated by recipients of each such contract or subcontracts that are MBEs or
  10. Include any other data that would be required to comply with the data and mapping
    collection standards of the Commission under Section 1.7004 of title 47, Code of Federal
    Regulations, or any successor regulation, for broadband infrastructure projects;
  11. Include an SF-425, Federal Financial Report and meet the requirements described in the
    Department of Commerce Financial Assistance Standard Terms and Conditions (dated
    November 12, 2020), Section A.01 for Financial Reports;
  12. For projects over $5,000,000 (based on expected total cost):
    a. A subgrantee may provide a certification that, for the relevant Project, all laborers
    and mechanics employed by contractors and subcontractors in the performance of
    such Project are paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing, as determined
    by the U.S. Secretary of Labor in accordance with subchapter IV of chapter 31 of
    title 40, United States Code (commonly known as the “Davis-Bacon Act”), for the
    corresponding classes of laborers and mechanics employed on projects of a
    character similar to the contract work in the civil subdivision of the State (or the
    District of Columbia) in which the work is to be performed, or by the appropriate
    State entity pursuant to a corollary State prevailing-wage-in-construction law
    (commonly known as “baby Davis-Bacon Acts”). If such certification is not
    provided, a Recipient must provide a project employment and local impact report
    i. The number of contractors and sub-contractors working on the Project;
    ii. The number of workers on the Project hired directly and hired through a
    third party;
    iii. The wages and benefits of workers on the Project by classification; and
    iv. Whether those wages are at rates less than those prevailing.

Build-Out Requirements

Per NTIA’s BEAD NOFO, Eligible Entities shall ensure that each subgrantee deploys its Funded Networks and begins providing broadband service to each customer that desires broadband service not later than four years after the date on which the subgrantee receives the subgrant for the applicable network. Eligible Entities shall establish interim buildout milestones, enforceable as conditions of the subgrant, sufficient to ensure that subgrantees are making reasonable progress toward meeting the four-year deployment deadline. Eligible Entities may, following consultation with the NTIA and with the approval of the Assistant Secretary, extend the deadlines under this subparagraph if the Eligible Entity reasonably determines that (i) the subgrantee has a specific plan for use of the grant funds, with project completion expected by a specific date not more than one year after the four-year deadline; (ii) the construction project is underway; or (iii) extenuating circumstances require an extension of time to allow the project to be completed.

CostQuest is your BEAD Program partner

Explore Each State BEAD Program

Click on the state below to learn more about its BEAD Program progress and process.




New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota





Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota







West Virginia



More BEAD Program Resources

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Webinar: Key Considerations for BEAD Applications

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Overview: Key Considerations for BEAD Applications

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Unpacking BEAD Initial Proposal Volume 2 from States & Territories  

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About the Fabric Licensing for BEAD & Other Granting Programs 

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How to Assess Markets for Fiber Expansion – A Real World Example

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The Economics of Broadband & How to Leverage GIS Data for Broadband Planning

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Explore BroadbandFabric Data – Precise GIS Data for Effective Broadband Decisions  

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Explore OnLook – GIS Broadband Data Analytics App for business opportunity analysis 

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